Research Proposal Steps Components And Structure

Research Proposal Steps Components And Structure

  • Know yourself
  • Know the programme from which you seek support
  • Read the program announcement
  • Formulate an appropriate research objective
  • Develop a viable research plan
  • State your research objective clearly in your proposal
  • Frame your project around the work of others
  • Grammar and spelling count
  • Format and brevity are important
  • Know the review process
  • Proofread your proposal before it is sent
  • Submit your proposal on time

Research proposal steps |components of research proposal |research proposal structure

What is a research proposal?

A research proposal is a document proposing a research project, generally in the sciences or academia, and generally constitutes a request for sponsorship of that research. Proposals are evaluated on the cost and potential impact of the proposed research, and on the soundness of the proposed plan for carrying it out.

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Research Proposal Steps Components And Structure

  1. Know yourself: Everyone has areas of interests. Going the direction of your strengths and interests is a huge turn on as your energy is continually heaped with enthusiasm and motivation. So Know your area of expertise, what your strengths are and what your weaknesses are too. This will help you to know what to go for.
  2. Know the programme from which you seek support: this is highly important as it is your responsible to find the appropriate program for support of your research.
  3. Read the program announcement: This area should never be relegated to the background. Read the programme announcement thoroughly. Different Programs and special activities have specific goals and specific requirements.
  4. Formulate an appropriate research objective. Every research has objectives in which it sets out to meet. Make realistic objectives and strive to cover these objectives.
  5. Develop a viable research plan. The essence of a plan is to give a definite guideline or roadmap for your research. A viable plan will make your work quite easy.
  6. State your research objective clearly in your proposal: After formulating your research objectives, another step to take is to clearly state them on your proposal.
  7. Frame your project around the work of others: every research is a building upon other buildings by some other people. Seeks out to know what other scholars have done on your desired project of interest and build from there.
  8. Grammar and spelling count. A good research proposal is a compendium of good grammar and spelling. Every grammar and every spelling count. Even the littlest things shouldn’t be ignored.
  9. Format and brevity are important: just as grammar and spelling, the need for appropriate and brevity cannot be overemphasized. Specified formats and being as succinct as possible is top notch.
  10. Know the review process. Review what you have done so far.
  11. Proofread your proposal before it is sent. There will always be things to correct and some spellings and punctuation to put in order. Proofreading takes care of these things.
  12. Submit your proposal on time. Time is of essence and should be considered adequately while working on the proposal. Be sure to submit your project on time.


The person reading who is going to attend to your proposal is not litereally looking at you, but they can see and share your passion over the objectives of the research through your writings. So therefore be passionate and make them feel and see reasons to sponsor it. Good Luck.

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